There has forever been this disconnect between the more radical and liberal Anarchists which keep us somewhat isolated from each other, even when our political positions more or less mirror each other. Radicals tend to make direct action and opposition with the state and capitalism a core part of their life accepting that the politics and methods aren't for everyone and have a crack anyhow, this means smaller numbers but often more dramatic responses. Our more liberal comrades tend to seek numbers and so bring to the table broad campaigns that next to anyone can get involved in, these invariably mean maintaining the social mandate of being civil and avoiding conflict with the police. The liberal position is almost universally the default of the middle classes who, removed of the genuine threats to their existance the working class face, can often afford to be a little more ... hum... accommodating. That's not a rule of thumb mind, just an observation and it doesn't mean that the working class are never more liberal in their political actions, it's just a predisposition that seems to be set to repeat.
I should make clear here as well that "Liberal" itself is bit of a poisioned term and one very few people like being applied to them. I don't meant to use it with any of the negatives attached to itm, there are plenty of campaigns that had liberal appeal that do amazing stuff from UK Uncut to No Borders. I'm using liberal as a catch term for those whose core stratergy is peaceful and via non violent direct action, this tends to be campaigns of a large and and broad scope. Radical and Liberal are somewhat loaded terms, but they are at core simply a differance in tactical and strategic intention methodology. So the term "liberal" is a poision chalice and a label we shun and to be honest I think thats a shame coming from a community so enamored with "a diversity of tactics". Now that I write this I realise "Radical" is probably a similar loaded term in certain communities and thats a shame too.
Ok, so it's not quite so binary, heck it's bit of a false dichotomy that I'm being a bit flippant with in an attempt to describe the differances between those of us focused on immedaite radical action and those aiming to be more approachable and garner mass support. I'm sure there are academic positions and deconstrcutions that could be taken by smarter folk than me but let's be honest most of us are in both columns quite happily, I am a radical and I am a liberal both. I've got nicked for doing actions that fit into either catagory and despite having a favourite olive I'm working class through and through. What's more in my daily organiser life I try and help folk equip themselves with both sets of tools becuase a culture of resistance requires a diversity of tactical approaches. IDK Maybe we need some kind of kinsey scale between these poles... but thats a tangent. Point is, stripped of the attached politics and symantics we all tend to slide to one of the other and have a dash of both, however sometimes this divide becomes very apparent... sometimes there is a clear differance.
Sometimes the radical in us wins out, sometimes the liberal.
For me this was most highlighted a few years back when we blockaded Westminster Bridge in aid of the NHS. It was all in all a great day but quite “fluffy” and little was happening. The few pockets of black clad anarchos started talking about doing the things... We agreed to respect the gathering and wait until the Citizens Assembly was done with and things were winding down before putting the call out. 4:30pm we said we'd go. We spread the word, talked to the samba band and after a short and fiery speech during the Assembly that amounted to “fuck sitting around let's do this” by a random chap in a flat cap energy was high and like that we were off.
Only we weren't... As soon as we rallied together one of the “official” organisers shouted “Don't follow them, they're trouble makers!” The newly formed black bloc gave a wave and started heading down the stairs to the the next bridge over, the police flew into action and so did the organisers two and which darted over the bridge and stood at the top of the stairs down to the embankment in between the now mobile focused black bloc and the casual attendees plus band now keen to follow them...
They formed a physical barrier in peoples minds told the crowd that “this is the official action, don't go with the hooligans”. Stripped of numbers the black bloc got kettled on Lambeth Bridge and we stood there watching the main demonstration get cleared out.
Without radicals to defend them, both with presence and capacity they were easy to sweep up.
Without the support of numbers and friendly faces we were easy to mark out and suppress.
There was a mutual disconnect that held both groups back and I think maybe we were expecting too much. (Tho is solidarity too much to ask for?)
The reality is you don't ask the RSPCA to go out sabbing, or the rainforest alliance to molotov a digger. So we shouldn't expect Exctintion Rebellion to result in a radical response.
We have to understand them for what they are beyond all the revolutionary patter, which is a liberal middle class lobby group. I've always sort of had affection for Extinction Rebellions organisers, Rising Up and Compassionate Revolution LTD. Their approach is not always for me or the direction I feel we should take but they are approachable and have a effective degree of organisation that's often anathematic to the radical “spikey” Anarchists and results in our limited efficiency. Rising Up have a track record for getting shit down and in a manner thats accessable to the very fluffy liberal groups and some of the spiker folk too.
So the Extinction Rebellion is a lobbying campaign with an “in your face” vibe whose stated aim is to have everyone arrested and force their way into the room with the government. They appropriate the revolutionary lingo for catharsis and charge forward with three demands revolving around asking the Government to save the world and usurp themselves by officially approving a Citizens Assembly on climate change. They make themselves very appealing to the wet behind the ears democratic socialists and media darlings from Chris Packham (who thinks there are too many humans... but that's a different ramble) to Caroline Lucas and Sian Berry, heck we're on day nine/ten, wild stuff has happened, the news has been flooded and I've listened to a lovely talk by Greta Thunberg and had a nice reminder of Beth Orton's music. That's all well and good, standard liberal days out at the protest.
I'm not going to ramble on to much about the tactics, the validity of a road block or the fetish for a celebrity voice, We shouldn't expect XR to uphold the value sets of revolutionary organisations.
I want to talk about a few other things... I want to about the things that changed a friendly “this is how to get the Anarchists onboard” opinion piece into one - just a few days and questions laters - set on position that even the briefest of critical assessments should light up anyone's red flags and tho some fantastic people are involved, there are also some deeply concerning issue that people are turning a blind eye too.
I want to start with something important here.
There is this “code” in activism, specifically Anarchism and direct action that albeit not always put into words is pretty much an understanding amongst those of us with a history of rabble rousing.
It's probably best summed up in the “The St. Paul Principles for Activists “ which were coin in 2008, They read;
1. Our solidarity will be based on respect for a diversity of tactics and the plans of other groups.
2. The actions and tactics used will be organized to maintain a separation of time or space.
3. Any debates or criticisms will stay internal to the movement, avoiding any public or media denunciations of fellow activists and events.
4. We oppose any state repression of dissent, including surveillance, infiltration, disruption and violence. We agree not to assist law enforcement actions against activists and others
XR break three of these principles, and I'm breaking the other.
What's really kicked this off is that I know a dozen or so people who feel locked into relative silence because they know some tidy folk doing some awesome shit and because they are genuinely afraid of being excommunicated from their circles if they dare to highlight any of this... instead keeping chit chat to a few small groups and threads with likely minds and that kind of social silencing isn't my jam. This is before we start on the "Join us or you don't care about the children" stuff let alone the willful ignorance and turning of blind eyes.
I believe there are elements here that are deeply problematic.
Actually I'll be honest, I'm tamping. you can tell when stuff is really hitting the bone when I switch from "XR is" to "You".
Anarchists tend to loath criticising each over in public manner because it spreads divisions and arms the oppressors, let alone all the numpties who just spit venom and hate out at every not right-wing enough for them. Fuck, watching the jumped up prats on the telly scowl or in the papers, turns my stomach sideways and I really don't want to parrot their twaddle or sit on the same side of this conversation as them. However, sometimes, sometimes we need to pipe up.
We make a great deal about calling out the SWP coving up rape and generally utilising some shitty methods for a shitty political agenda, we talk openly about the inherent flaws of trade unions who seek to negotiate a softer whip and we sure as shit take issue with revolutionaries and rebels echoing the capitalist state by living parasitically of other activists or who trade political power and respect for personal gains.
If we aren't willing to sort out our own house, who will?
This isn't going to fix things, but I hope it leaves a few folk a bit more prepared.
These are just my opinions and those of the people I'm sharing, Accepting my concerns is going to require disengaging your mind from the “flag fealty” which seems to come with groups with such prodigious use of symbols, codes and mantras and it's going to require you to understand that I am not just “jealous” of the numbers, money or days out in the sun any more than I was “jealous” when pointing out that Elon Musk is an anti union, worker abusing parasite. It's way to easy and flippant a way of negating someone's legit concerns.
Mind you, It's gotta be said that I support any action my fellow working class comrades take, the people on the ground, fighting for the future of the world in the only way apparent at the moment, I fucking love you. Especially those of you who are scared of the police and who are new to all this palavra.
Empowering yourself is the most beautiful and awesome thing you can do.
You have my respect and commendation. I hope you carry on using your energies to help build a better world. The “Twelve Years” isn't hyperbolic rhetoric, we are at crisis point and the XR folk on the ground are the vanguard of what I hope is an ever escalating international environmentally focused anti capitalist front that in all reality is exactly what we need to save our world from ourselves.
Please separate my concerns for the mob of voices that seek to weak the movement and undermine you.
This is not an attack on you, I'm absolutely amazed by you all!
Let's talk about cops and security...
Let's talk about finance and business...
Let's talk about race and bigotry...
Let's talk about solidarity, autonomy and decentralisation...
Let's talk about security...
Let's talk about Roger, brand management and other problems…
(Click the links yo ;p)
TL;DR and some positives...
If you are with XR, first and formost please stop seeing yourself as an "Arrestable."
You are not just an “Arrestable”, you might get arrested, you might even be comfortable with it but you should not have your individuality and character stripped away, turning you into just an asset.
Please stop talking to cops and when the high energy of these actions dies down take a proper look at the Exctintion Rebellion network and make it better. I've written all this not to attack you and stymie the XR movement but to bring light to some of the issues which may result in XR kneecapping yourselves. Only you and your fellow rebels can address them and make the movement better. Despite all these concerns I recon we need to take the passion that's so clearly here and build a wider reaching radical movement. That means XR groups taking an honest assessment of the network they are within and it means getting behind the Green Anti-Capitalist Front, Earth First and campaigns like Earth Strike. We need to put fuel to this fire and provide a clear and visible next step for the people out there doing the things.
Talk to people and get them involved.
Plan actions and do them.
Set up new affinity groups, sabotage networks and organise your friends.
Do not rely on some distant central core group to lay policy.
Distant demos at coal mines are difficult and even tho I despise a set policy of “all go to London”, taking the fight to the heart of capitalism does seem to have a powerful effect. So maybe more of that, google your city, see whose about. In Manchester you have TOTAL, In Cardiff you have Fracking Companies and TATA etc etc Don't sit idle waiting for days of rage or syndicated actions. Revolutionary struggle needs to be asymmetric, without predicable pattern or rhythm, this was one of the brilliant aspects fo Swarming and if road blockades are a tactic you appreciate, then utilise them.
Radicals, Anarchists, long in the tooth comrades who are just as frustrated...
We're failing here too.
When the fash turned up and started giving them shit, where were we?
We are that black bloc who bailed to go do some shit and then stood and watched them get swept up.
We know how these things work and we left them to it, not wanting to sully their action with our bandanna's and whole “not wanting to be arrested” malarkey but that doesn't mean we couldn't have provided a better alternative. So how can we improve our response? How can we be Anarchists and help defend folk in future, if they heat things up we need to be willing to be the Singh to their Gandi.
The Green Anti Capitalist Front are doing this in a full on and righteous manner in my opinion. They rocked up on the first day for a solidarity action which reflected the wider XR strategy but distinctly in an Anarchist tone. They did not inform the police, they decided the direction on the fly as an autonomous and mutually respective group of people and didn't line up for arrest. They spent Sunday talking to XR street rebels about the need for anti-capitalism as a focus, it was a sunny day and people we're listening. It very much feels like they are the enemy within to me at the moment, a group the organisers would rather fuck off but accept the existence off.
They aren't “inducted” and XR sure as heck aren't acknowledging their presence publicly on social media and such (hope that changes) however the more an Anarchist voice is present, the more the activists on the street have support in developing their groups and a alternative network with which to work alongside. More of this please.
The XR leadership are spending the next two weeks capitulating to the state in the hopes of getting into the room with a few MPs. Many on the street disagree with this step and wanted to continue to full on pressure. Since I started writing we've seen a distinct change in pace.
We shouldn't be sat idle.
Follow your comrades and talk to your local XR mob and try and make it better.
If not, set up a GAF/EF network hub and take to action.
We can all do more, we've only got twelve years... (apparently)
P.S. I'm yet to see XR talk about Veganism. minimising meat consumption and the issues with industrial land management... I've left critism around this out until I see something on one side or the other, tho it's absense it concerning... I guess if you tell people to eat a little less meat they might not come rebel... it'd be annoying if revolution required any personal development eh?
Rhyddical is just another pseudo bohemian revolutionary Anarchist who expects better of us all but does his mains in Tesco anyway.
If anything here is factually inaccurate email [email protected] and we'll retract or alter it accordingly.
** Note** We have made the choice to pull the original cover image which featured Mark Kennedy, a spy cop who messed up peoples lives.
It was insensitive to the ongoing difficulties he brings up for people. We Apologise for any distress caused and will aim to be more sensitive in future.
I don’t want to piss on anyone’s parade, I really don’t. But watching the protests by the climate revolutionaries Extinction Rebellion, I feel uneasy. It's not their methods. I know that direct action and street politics work; after all, I have done very similar protests and street action. The uneasiness here is the hierarchy of worthiness.
Bridges and Getting Rid of the Rich
In 2015, just twenty class warriors stopped the traffic and held Tower Bridge as we marched from the Aldgate East poor door over the Tower Bridge with pitchforks and burning torches singing "We have got to get rid of the rich". We were protesting the new Qatari Royal family's development that aimed to build up market millionaires' weekend pads right behind City Hall, where they would landscape gardens as an oasis in Bermondsey -but the people that lived directly next to the Qatar oasis in the council flats would be locked out.
Working class movements and protest during 2015 were leading the way in direct action and street politics. We wanted to make sure that people understood and knew that class inequality was getting out of hand, and working class people were being forced out of London, and into homelessness, or forced into humiliating situations of accepting that parts of London would no longer be accessible to them simply because of their class status. This came to a head through several direct action, grass roots campaigns, like the Focus E15 campaign that started because young and vulnerable working class mothers and their families were being forced to accept properties hundreds of miles away from their families, and if they refused, were being threatened by local officials that their children would be taken into care.
The Poor Door development at One Aldgate East was the focus of a year-long picket by working class activists that forced the disgusting practice into the public domain of separating social housing tenants from private leaseholders, even when they shared the same building . We called this social apartheid, and used every manner of direct action tools that we could get away with. Even though some weeks there were only 6 or 7 of us at the picket, there were often 30 or 40 police officers protecting that property, plus private security guards. Over the year several of us were arrested on a range of charges, from causing alarm and distress with a banner, to causing criminal damage with a credit card sized sticker.
Life for working class people in London over the past five years has gotten harder. Women and children are being cleansed out of the city at an unprecedented rate, and mothers' fear of losing their children in the process of becoming homeless is real. I have met many women who have been threatened with this, and, even more harrowing, some have actually lost their children because of their homeless status. Social cleansing and social apartheid has become normalised to the point that only a few weeks ago we learned that working class children living in a social housing development in Lambeth were being denied entry to a playground that their schoolfriends and neighbours in the private, for-profit development adjoining had access to.
This is why I feel uneasy about Extinction Rebellion, because for years some of us have been trying to bring attention to inequality, homelessness, and the rationale of a neoliberal system that values nothing else but wealth. These are interconnected issues around a capitalist system that uses up and discards any resource it needs to create wealth for those winning the game.
For years I have watched climate and environmental campaigners show an utter lack of empathy for the everyday issues that working class people face, and instead focus only on one issue: stopping climate change. This is honourable and important and I have never met anyone amongst ordinary working class people who doesn't see this as a major problem, but they realise there is little they can do about this when their lives are already precarious. As much as people don’t want to see the planet being ruined, their immediate needs will always take priority. This is how capitalism works. It forces us into its chains.
Therefore the uneasiness I have about this new incarnation of climate revolutionaries is the same I have always had. They see everyone as their enemy, where you are with them or against them, when life is so much more complicated than that. By focusing on carbon emissions that come from cars without putting in place real solutions to how people get around the place where they live, their protests become exclusive. I support lowering carbon emissions; since I have moved to London my asthma has become much worse. But I also realise that even though I would like to us live in a society where we all only work 3 days a week, that’s not the reality.
London, like many cities, is being swamped by investment from international vulture capitalists that are building in every single space they can fit in, and building only for themselves and the profit they are addicted to, while local and national government representatives are rolling out the red carpets for them. This is why the fight for housing is central to the fight against inequality and against capitalism after all people are also used and abused as nothing but resources for the rich, and the housing fight is about property ownership and what is fetishised as wealth.
I want to support Extinction Rebellion, although their tactics of getting arrested are really dangerous for anyone who is vulnerable to state violence. If you are black or working class you really do not want to be tied into that system. Only the middle class would think that playing games with the criminal justice system or the police is safe, or fun, or useful.
Stopping public transport while trying to persuade people to get out of their cars is also quite stupid, and it's winning no one over. You are not the enemy if you are a cabbie and are now stuck with a diesel vehicle that is worth nothing. Cabbies are almost always sole traders or family-run businesses. And you are not the enemy if you are disabled and need a car to get around because public transport services are not public or affordable. You are not the enemy if you live outside of London where public transport is virtually non existent.
My last word to Extinction Rebellion is to ask why they are not focusing on those who really are the enemy. This week parliament is closed and there are no politicians there. The rich and wealthy have left London to go on their last skiing trip of the year. It is the working class Londoners who are left.
I want to see a movement as committed as Extinction Rebellion, but with millions of us on the street. But first we need to demand sustainable cities and towns and industries that treat people fairly and equally, and that we recognise each other's real and everyday material struggles.
Lisa McKenzie is a working class academic, blogger and trouble maker and you can read more of her writings including here at lisamckenzie1968.wixsite.com.
All Images were kindly donated by LJ.
As climate catastrophe draws near, we are impressed and encouraged by the movement that Extinction Rebellion is building. This mobilisation has reinvigorated environmental activism at a time when we most need it. XR has been bold in its aims when much of the established movement has been cynical, and has managed to tap into a broader sense of alarm over environmental degradation, and mobilised many people not previously involved. XR has grown at a speed that many people would have thought impossible before we saw it happen. XR has also been far more radical in this broad appeal than many people would have thought, pursuing a strategy built around both local direct action while maintaining an international orientation. We cannot overstate the overwhelmingly positive effect that XR is having on environmental politics.
Those of us already involved in various radical and green movements have been attending XR meetings and actions and found them deeply inspiring. However, at the same time we also have doubts about some of the tactics that XR has adopted in its pursuit of a green future, and we have discussed how we should bridge the differences between our views and those of XR. We do not want to undermine the important work that XR is doing, but we also feel that there is a conversation that needs to be had about some of XR’s tactics.
While we hope that these tactics do work, we are dubious that they will be enough. We fear that the government will be less willing to negotiate in good faith and more willing to use violent repression against a truly disruptive campaign than is assumed. Capitalism systematically incentivises environmental destruction, and we worry that the costs of any government initiative to combat climate change will fall on the poor and powerless unless a clear anti-capitalist stance is articulated. We will never be free from the spectre of environmental crisis while the profit of the few is put above the lives of everyone else.
Against the existential threat of human extinction hanging over us all, cooperation is our greatest strength. We feel that a separate organisation that works alongside XR while allowing for a greater diversity of tactics is the most honest way to do this. We want to support XR with a parallel mobilisation that has a greater focus on the capitalist roots of climate catastrophe.
We believe these actions can be mutually supportive and bring a zero emissions world closer to reality. See you on the streets.
We are encouraged by the ability of Extinction Rebellion to call people onto the streets and push their demands for zero emissions. However, we believe that meeting these demands will not be possible without abolishing capitalism, a system reliant on the total exploitation of nature; whether that be sacrificing our clean water to frack for hydrocarbons or sacrificing our children to the production line. We must develop our ideas of what a different future may look like outside the constraints of both capital and fossil fuels. We must also critique the false solutions offered by ‘green capitalism’ and increased state control. It is our contention that the world in fifty years will look radically different from what we see now. The question is whether we are moving towards a sustainable future for humanity, or one of catastrophe. We are calling for a broad anti-capitalist environmental movement based around the following points of unity.
We are entering uncharted territory, in terms of how the earth’s ecosystems may respond to the ever-increasing pressures capitalism places upon them. Left unchecked, the current fossil fuel economy will continue to wreck the climate with the burden on impacts falling on the working class and LEDCs. We do not have faith that capitalists – or their parliamentarian representatives – will act in time to limit climate change in a meaningful way. The crisis they perpetuate can only lead to an increase in state control of the economy, of our lives, of the borders, as the ruling class seeks to contain social unrest and keep out climate refugees. We must take back control of our energy and production systems to create a new model of equality between peoples and harmony with nature.
Yours in Solidarity
GREEN ANTI-CAPITALIST FRONT ■
For further info